Diabetes Info California. Diabetes, a chronic condition affecting millions worldwide, is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels. It stems from either the body’s inability to produce insulin (Type 1 Diabetes) or ineffective use of insulin (Type 2 Diabetes). This condition, if left unmanaged, can lead to severe health complications. Read on to learn more.


What is Diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when the pancreas, an organ behind the stomach, does not produce enough insulin or the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar in the body. It is important because elevated blood sugar (i.e., hyperglycemia) can over time lead to serious damage to many of the body’s systems.


Types of Diabetes

There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body attacks its insulin-producing cells. It’s often diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes, which is more common in adults, involves the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It’s often associated with obesity and physical inactivity. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes.



The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst and frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequent infections

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to schedule an appointment with your doctor for an assessment and proper diagnosis.


Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Diabetes is diagnosed through blood tests such as the A1C test, which measures average blood sugar levels over a period of two to three months. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “An A1C below 5.7% is normal, between 5.7 and 6.4% indicates you have prediabetes, and 6.5% or higher indicates you have diabetes.” Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, vision loss, and nerve damage. It’s essential to manage your blood sugar levels to reduce the risk of these complications.


While Type 1 Diabetes cannot be prevented, Type 2 can often be avoided or delayed through healthy lifestyle choices. This includes maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, and engaging in regular physical activity. Other treatment options for diabetes include monitoring blood sugar, taking medications, and/or getting insulin therapy. As a patient, you are at the center and in control of your diabetes; your doctor will use evidence-based practices when creating your diabetes management plan or making treatment decisions tailored to your needs.

Diabetes Info California. Diabetes is a serious condition that requires ongoing management. Understanding the types, symptoms, and treatment options is crucial. With the right care and lifestyle changes, people with diabetes can lead a healthy and active life. If you or a loved one needs professional medical assistance for diabetes management in the Lakeport, CA area, consider reaching out to the healthcare professionals at GEM Healthcare Consulting. The practitioners at GEM offer general care for a range of health issues, but specialize in diabetes and hypertension management. Contact GEM Healthcare Consulting to schedule your consultation today.